What is time?
The question sounds simple, but a truthful answer is far from simple.
The fact is that understanding what time is and reaching agreement on it is harder than we think.
7 reasons why time is such a difficult concept to understand
1) Time is partly in our mind
One of the big reasons why time is such a difficult concept to understand is that time exists partly in our mind.
If I sit in one place for a day, that day has objectively passed and the sun will set.
However, my experience of that time may have seemed like ten minutes or ten days depending on what I was focused on during that time, who I was talking to and where I was.
If I was asleep, the passage of time may have appeared to be about 10 seconds.
The fact that the experience of time is partly subjective makes it difficult to understand and fully grasp.
What exactly is time, and what does it mean?
As Albert Einstein said of his relativity theory that proves that time moves more slowly when an object goes very fast:
“When you sit with a nice girl for two hours you think it’s only a minute, but when you sit on a hot stove for a minute you think it’s two hours. That’s relativity.”
2) Time is affected by emotions
As Einstein’s quote emphasizes, time is partly a function of emotion. It’s not just about grand scientific principles.
For this reason, it can be hard to understand time as a concrete, fixable entity.
After all, how can one thing which exists manifest so differently depending on how we feel.
A work day could seem to stretch for days and days, while a fun night out with friends goes by in the blink of an eye.
If we say they both lasted seven hours, this only really means something in an objective sense or when compared between two things.
How can one thing mean so much or so little in different contexts but still be the same actual thing?
3) Time depends on what we do with it
This all points to the central fact that the meaning of time varies widely, depending on what we do with it.
Very often I have felt time go by far too quickly when I was absorbed in a project I was passionate about or having fun, and crawl by when I was bored or feeling hopeless.
The difference-making factor in whether my time felt valuable or not was whether I was in tune with my purpose.
The consequences of not finding your purpose in life include a general sense of frustration, listlessness, dissatisfaction and a sense of not being connected with your inner self.
You may experience time crawling by and leaving you in dread of the future or full of daydreams that never seem to come true.
The solution is to turn time from your enemy into your friend.
I learned a new way to discover my purpose after watching Ideapod co-founder Justin Brown’s video on the hidden trap of improving yourself.
He explains that most people misunderstand how to find their purpose, using visualization and other self-help techniques.
However, visualization isn’t the best way to find your purpose.
Instead, there’s a new way to do it which Justin Brown learned from spending time with a shaman in Brazil.
After watching the video, I discovered my purpose in life and it dissolved my feelings of frustration and dissatisfaction. This helped me to see time much more as my ally and collaborator instead of as an opponent or indifferent.
I learned to work with time, instead of against it.
4) The traditional understanding of time is incomplete
On a scientific level, it’s also true that time is not as simple as we assume or perceive it to be.
In fact, researchers who get deep into physics have found that the idea of past, present and future is only useful and correct in a terrestrial and human context.
In the cosmic level these descriptors of events and processes often cease being a meaningful explanation or even occur in ways which fall outside linear time or bend it to the extent that linear time no longer has a clear meaning.
In fact some physics processes begin in the future and end in the past, and our perception of a process (or a star) for example, may literally be a vision into the past that technically no longer exists.
“It is true that many events in the Universe can be put into sequential order – but time is not always segmented neatly into the past, the present and the future.
Some physical equations work in either direction.”
5) Some experts say time is an illusion
Some experts have gone further than saying time is flexible or changes in certain contexts.
Take leading physicist Carlo Rovelli. He says time is almost completely an illusion, writing:
“there is neither space nor time—only processes that transform physical quantities from one to another, from which it is possible to calculate possibilities and relations…”
The most basic example would be looking at a planet through a telescope and thinking that you are seeing what currently exists when, in fact, you are seeing a glimpse into a number of years in the past.
At a more basic level, consider making a call from Paris, France to Los Angeles, California:
The slight delay between them talking and you hearing the person talk means that when you hear their words it is technically already the past.
Those words were not said now, they were also said previously, but you are just hearing them in your “now.”
According to Rovelli that is because there isn’t actually any definable now which is provably shared by anyone.
According to him there are just different processes and experiences which jumble together and which we cognitively and experientially sort into the present, past or future for our own comprehension.
6) The past is subjective
More simply, whether or not you buy into the thoughts of people like Rovelli, it’s true that our understanding of time is subjective.
Take a block of time that technically and provably exists as far as we know: the past.
Any of us not suffering memory loss or amnesia can all select from various episodes in the past and say they happened.
We can cite our age and recollect a supposed amount of “years” of time that are in the past and things which occurred.
But how much of that past is subjective or changeable based on our own recollection of it?
Also, what’s the value of this time if two years for us went by in misery or went by in a flash of inspiration and activity?
What does that time actually mean?
The truth, increasingly, appears to be that it means what we make it mean at the time it happens and in the future.
7) Time is partly cultural
Another of the reasons why time is such a difficult concept to understand is that it’s partly cultural.
This includes different cultures and their value on punctuality, pace of life and also ideas of rites of initiation and what you should be doing or have already done by a certain age.
Time is viewed vastly differently by culture and also by epoch.
In medieval Europe the idea of living above 40 itself would have been relatively rare for a common person, now it may be considered quite normal.
In one culture it may be highly offensive to show up an hour late for a dinner invitation, while in another it may be seen as somewhat rude and stress-inducing to show up on the dot.
Time, and the norms about what to do with time and how to treat time, is a very culturally-influenced quantity.
The time is now
However you think of time, or even if you don’t think of it at all, there’s no question that some form of time is passing and our mortal bodies are aging and will eventually cease to exist.
The time that you have now is up to you to use or misuse as you choose.
This can be quite a tall order if you feel like you’re lost at sea and unsure what to do about the time you have, or if you feel that many competing demands are being made on your time…
… And you can’t decide which demand is true to you and your values.
But here’s the thing:
It is possible to find out your purpose and pursue it with the time you have in a way that boosts you and everyone around you.
I encourage you to check out this free video about finding your own power and purpose and to try out some of its suggestions.
We’re all on this wild ride through time, breathing time machines with the ability to think about time and what it means.
Let’s make our time worth it, whatever exactly it might be!